How those automated guided vehicles – AGV are classified?

Each enterprise will have different freight needs. Therefore, AGV is divided into many types to more fully meet the process of transporting diverse loads of customers.

So, how are AGVs classified? Let’s explore the following article to better understand, Shall we ?

Classified by function

By function, AGVs are divided into three basic types: Towing Type, dive-in type and loading type.

The Towing Type

  • This type can tow multiple loads behind and pull heavy loads.
  • Large size AGV, must design the connection between the truck and AGV.
  • Truck wheels must be right with AGV.

The Dive – in type

  • Flexible, complicated design.
  • The connection between the load and the AGV must be designed.
  • Truck wheels must be right with AGV.

classified AGV

Loading type

  • Loading type is designed to be simple and flexible.
  • No need to design a truck.
  • Only carry one load.

Classified according to the navigation structure

Different positioning systems can be selected based on customer requirements, shipping frequency, existing vehicles, future installation and expansion costs.

The most common systems are laser, borders, Magnetic spots and magnetic tape navigation which is described below

Navigated by laser

classified AGV

Laser navigation provides customers with ample room because AGV doesn’t need any rails or wires, but can easily be programmed for both indoor and outdoor vehicles. Routes can be easily changed with the software. A rotating laser beam detects the reflectors placed in the building and based on these locations, the route is calculated in real time.

Navigated by borders

classified AGV

Borders navigation using objects in the current environment means that all boundaries for controlling AGV driveways are removed. The installation time is shortened, the cost is low and other activities will be minimized. It also easily extends the system and creates new AGV paths. Border navigation is mainly used in conjunction with another navigation system.

Navigated by magnetic points

classified AGV

The magnetic points are fixed on the floor and the sensors in the AGV are used to detect points. The AGV position is updated with measurements when the sensor detects the magnetic point.

Point navigation is often used to complement laser or border navigation.

Navigated by magnetic tape

classified AGV

AGV follows a magnetic tape on the floor. The movements of the AGV are monitored and their position is constantly updated.

Magnetic tape navigation is only suitable for use in workshops and warehouses.